Spine and Neck
Your spine has an essential and monumentally important task to do — the spine holds up your head, shoulders and upper body. The spine also gives you flexibility to bend and twist, and to stand up straight.
Your spine is made up of small bones, called vertebrae, which are stacked on top of one another and create the natural curves of your back. If and when these vertebrae come out of alignment, they can cause pain and interrupt normal daily activities.
Shoulder, Arm and Elbow
Thanks to our increasingly active lives, shoulder problems, including shoulder and upper arm sprains and strains are very common. In 2006, approximately 7.5 million people went to the doctor's office for a shoulder problem. Of those, more than 4.1 million were for rotator cuff problems.
Shoulder injuries are frequently caused by athletic activities that involve excessive, repetitive, overhead motion, such as swimming, tennis, pitching, and weightlifting. Injuries can also occur during everyday activities such washing walls, hanging curtains, and gardening.
Other common upper arm and elbow problems include dislocation, fractures and tears.
A hip fracture is a break in the upper quarter of the femur (thigh) bone. The extent of the break depends on the forces that are involved. The type of surgery used to treat a hip fracture is primarily based on the bones and soft tissues affected or on the level of the fracture.
The “hip” is a ball-and-socket joint. It allows the upper leg to bend and rotate at the pelvis.
We use our hands hundreds of times each day for all kinds of tasks from writing to typing to cooking and cleaning to driving. As a result, there are many opportunities to injure our hands, including fractures, sprains, strains, bites, cuts, and nerve injuries. Other common ailments are carpel tunnel and trigger finger, and of course, arthritis.
In 2003, patients made approximately 19.4 million visits to physicians’ offices because of knee problems. It was the most common reason for visiting an orthopaedic surgeon.
The knee is a complex joint with many components, making it vulnerable to a variety of injuries. Many knee injuries can be successfully treated without surgery, while others require surgery to correct.
Many athletes experience injuries to their knee ligaments. Of the four major ligaments found in the knee, the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and the medial collateral ligament (MCL) are often injured in sports. The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) may also be injured.
Changing direction rapidly, slowing down when running, and landing from a jump may cause tears in the ACL. Athletes who participate in skiing and basketball, and athletes who wear cleats, such as football players, are susceptible to ACL injuries.
Injuries to the MCL are usually caused by a direct blow to the outside of the knee. These types of injuries often occur in contact sports, such as football or soccer.
The PCL is often injured when an athlete receives a blow to the front of the knee or makes a simple misstep on the playing field.
When people talk about torn knee cartilage, they are usually referring to a torn meniscus. The meniscus is a tough, rubbery cartilage that is attached to the knee’s ligaments. The meniscus acts like a shock absorber. In athletic activities, tears in the meniscus can occur when twisting, cutting, pivoting, decelerating, or being tackled. Direct contact is often involved.
Along with in-house physical therapy, SUN Ortho offers access to comprehensive on-site imaging services.
SUN Ortho also offers advanced bone densitometry device, sometimes called a DEXA scan (Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiomety). This is a quick and painless procedure to measure bone density and is done by our own skilled technicians.
Bone mineral density (BMD) is the single most important predictor of bone fragility or osteoporotic type fractures. BMD accounts for 80% of an individual's fracture risk. Classical risk factor analysis is not sensitive enough to predict bone mass in individual patients. Nor are routine x-rays sensitive enough to detect osteoporosis until 25-40% of BMD has been lost. Bone densitometry is a non-invasive measurement of BMD which, in this case, is performed using x-rays.
Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy
(ESWT) is an innovative, non-surgical procedure for patient suffering from heel spurs (plantar fasciitis). The therapy, which quickens the body's own healing process, is an in-office procedure lasting about 20 minutes.
Extremity MRI Services
SUN Orthopaedic offers access to the latest in state-of-the-art magnetic resonance imaging. This painless diagnostic test can be performed in our office and takes about 45 minutes. Designed to examine extremities, the procedure is completely open and doesn’t employ a closed in “tube” like other MRI systems. Although not designed to diagnose spinal problems, the system can be used to diagnose numerous other body parts ranging from knees and ankles to elbows, wrists and hands.